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  Turf-guides

 



   

AREA CALCULATIONS, SOIL PREP, UNDER SOIL, LAYING TURF, CARE, WEEDS & PESTS, LAWN PROBLEMS

 

 

 

AREA CALCULATION

  

NEW TURF GUIDE CALCU.jpg

OVAL AREA

 3.14 MULTIPLIED BY 

A) THE LONGEST SIDE DIVIDED BY 2

B) THE SHORTEST SIDE DIVIDED BY 2

EQUATION = 3.14 X A X B = AREA M2

 

 THE AREA OF SHAPE CAN BE DETERMINED BY SIMPLY BREAKING THE SHAPE INTO SQUARES, RECTANGLES OR TRIANGLES - CALCULATE EACH SECTION AND ADD THEM UP FOR TOTAL M2 AREA REQUIRED. 

               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOIL PREPARATION

 NEW TURF REMOVING WASTE.jpg

REMOVE ALL WASTE, ROCKS, OLD LAWN & WEEDS, DEAD LAWN AND WEEDS WILL HINDER YOUR NEW TURF ROOTS FROM ESTABLISHING INTO THE UNDER SOIL.

 

IF YOU ALREADY HAVE KIKUYA, IT IS BEST TO SPRAY WITH ROUNDUP AS IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO REMOVE ALL THE RUNNERS WHICH WILL POP UP LATER ON.

 

IF YOUR SOIL IS A CLAY BASE WE RECOMMEND DIGGING IN GYPSUM TO HELP BREAK DOWN THE CLAY BEFORE SPREADING UNDER SOIL SO THE TURF ROOTS CAN GROW THROUGH THIS LAYER. 

 

 

 

                                                      ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

APPLYING UNDER SOIL

 NEW TURF UNDERSOIL C.jpg  NEW TURF UNDERSOIL D.jpg NEW TURF UNDERSOIL B.jpg  NEW TURF STARTER FERTILISER.jpg   

THE MOST OVER LOOKED STAGE OF TURFING, A PROPER BASE FOR YOUR TURF CAN SAVE YOU COUNTLESS $ IN DEAD TURF IF NOT PREPARED CORRECTLY, WE RECOMMEND USING THE HIGHEST QUALITY UNDER/OVER TURF SOIL. THIS WILL NOT COMPRESS AND HAS THE BASIC NUTRIENTS TO HELP ESTABLISH YOUR NEW LAWN.

 

SPREAD THE UNDER SOIL EVENLY OVER THE ENTIRE AREA USING A SOIL SPREADER, IF CLOSE TO A HOUSE/PATIO SLIGHTLY ANGLE THE SOIL DOWNWARDS AWAY SO ANY WATER CAN DRAIN AWAY FROM THESE STRUCTURES.

 

GENTLY WATER DOWN THE SOIL READY FOR LAYING TURF, FOR PEACE OF MIND WE DO RECOMMEND SPREADING "SIR LAUNCHER" STARTER FERTILISER FIRST TO HELP BOOST ROOT GROWTH. 

                                                  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

LAYING TURF

NEW TURF ON PALLET.jpg  NEW TURF LAYING TURF.jpg  NEW TURF OUTSIDE FIRST.jpg NEW TURF ROLLING OUT TURF.jpg   
NEW TURF BOARDS ON TURF.jpg NEW TURF TRIMMING TURF.jpg  NEW TURF SPRINKLER.jpg   NEW TURF LAWN ROLLING.jpg  

 

ONCE YOUR TURF HAS ARRIVED IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO LAY IT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE TO PREVENT DRYING OUT OR WORSE "PALLET BURN".

 

START LAYING YOUR TURF FROM THE LOWEST SECTION FIRST AND COMPLETE THE OUTLINE OF THE AREA, FILL IN THE SECTION USING A BRICK WORK PATTERN, ON STEEP SECTIONS LAY THE TURF ACROSS THE SLOPE RATHER THAN DOWN THE SLOPE.

 

IF LAYING LARGE AREAS IT PAYS TO HAVE SPRINKLERS GOING ON SECTIONS ALREADY LAID TO PREVENT DRYING OUT BEFORE YOU FINISH THE JOB.

 

USE PLANKS OF WOOD TO STEP ON WHICH HELPS SPREAD YOUR LOAD RATHER THAN WALKNG, KNEELING ON THE NEW TURF CAUSING DEPRESSIONS.

 

BUTT THE SLABS UP AGAINST EACH OTHER TRYING NOT TO LEAVE GAPS BETWEEN EACH OTHER, DON'T OVERLAY THE TURF AS THIS WILL DRY OUT.

 

TRIM UP WITH ANY SHARP KNIFE/BLADE WHILE TRYING NOT TO HAVE ANY VERY SMALL PIECES AS THESE WILL DRY OUT FASTER AND DIE.

 

ONCE YOU HAVE FINISHED LAYING USE TOP DRESSING SOIL TO FILL IN ANY DEPRESSIONS, AROUND THE EDGES AND BETWEEN THE TURF SLABS AND A LIGHT SCATTERING OVER THE REST TO HELP RETAIN MOISTURE.

 

NOW SOAK THE TURF AND CHECK THAT WATER IS REACHING THE UNDER SOIL BY GENTLY LIFTING CORNERS OF THE SLABS AND LOOKING UNDERNEATH.

 

FINALLY USE A LAWN ROLLER TO HELP LEVEL , REMOVE AIR POCKETS AND PRESS THE TURF ROOTS DOWN FOR FULL CONTACT WITH THE UNDER SOIL.

 

                                                        -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TURF CARE

NEW TURF SPRINKLER.jpg  NEW TURF MOWING.jpg  NEW TURF SPRINKLER.jpg  NEW TURF FERTILISING.jpg  

 

WATERING IN THE TURF FOR THE FIRST COUPLE OF WEEKS IS CRUCIAL, IN LATE SPRING & SUMMER THE TURF MAY NEED TO BE WATERED TWICE A DAY TO KEEP MOIST.

 

 AFTER THE LAWN HAS BEEN DOWN A COUPLE OF WEEKS IT CAN BE MOWED, JUST SKIM THE TOP HIGHER THAN NORMALLY MOWED, DO NOT SCALP/DEEP CUT AS THIS WILL EXPOSE THE NEWLY FORMING ROOTS AND DRY/KILL THEM.

 

TURF GENERALLY TAKES A FEW MONTHS TO SETTLE IN, CONTINUE WATERING & GENTLY MOWING TO KEEP IT STIMULATED TO GROW.

 

BY NOW YOU CAN CONSIDER FERTILISING WITH SIR WALTER FERTILISER TO GIVE IT AN EXTRA BOOST. (NOTE, DO NOT OVER FERTILISE AS THIS CAN STRESS OUT NEWLY GROWING TURF), AS WITH EVERY FERTILISER READ THE INSTRUCTIONS PROVIDED.

 

                                                   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

WEED IDENTIFICATION   click HERE for weed control

 NEW TURF WEED NUTGRASS.jpg  NEW TURF WEED BINDII.jpg  NEW TURF WEED OXALIS 2.jpg  NEW TURF WEED CLOVER.jpg  
 NUTGRASS  SOLIVA - BINDII  OXALIS  TRIFOLIUM - CLOVER  
 NEW TURF WEED CARROT WEED.jpg  NEW TURF WEED DANDELION.jpg  NEW TURF WEED CUDWEED.jpg  NEW TURF WEED CATS EAR.jpg  
 CARROT WEED  DANDELION  CUDWEED  CATS EAR  
NEW TURF WEED WILD RADISH.jpg  NEW TURF WEED KIDNEY WEED.jpg  NEW TURF WEED DOCKWEED.jpg NEW TURF WEED CRAB GRASS.jpg   
 WILD RADISH  KIDNEY WEED  DOCK WEED  BARNYARD/CRAB GRASS  
NEW TURF WEED PASPALUM.jpg NEW TURF WEED PETTY SPURGE.jpg  NEW TURF WEED KHAKI WEED.jpg   NEW TURF WEED POTATO WEED.JPG  
 PASPALUM  PETTY SPURGE  KHAKI WEED  YELLOW/POTATO WEED  
 NEW TURF WEED LAMBS TONGUE.jpg NEW TURF WEED LAMBS QUARTERS.jpg   NEW TURF WEED LAMBS FOOT.jpg  NEW TURF WEED MARSHMELLOW WEED.jpg  
 LAMB'S TONGUE  LAMB'S QUARTER  LAMB'S FOOT  MARSHMELLOW WEED  
NEW TURF WEED HAIRY CRABGRASS.jpg  NEW TURF WEED ONION WEED.jpg  NEW TURF WEED WINTER GRASS.jpg  NEW TURF WEED WIRE WEED.jpg  
 HAIRY CRABGRASS  ONION WEED  WINTER WEED  WIRE WEED  
 NEW TURF WEED LANTANA.jpg  NEW TURF WEED MULLUMBIMBY COUCH.jpg  NEW TURF WEED COBBLERS PEG.jpg  NEW TURF WEED WILD COTTON.jpg  
 LANTANA  MULLUMBIMBY COUCH  COBBLERS PEG  WILD COTTON  
 NEW TURF WEED NETTLE.jpg  NEW TURF WEED THISTLE.jpg NEW TURF WEED WANDERING JEW.jpg  NEW TURF WEED MOSS.jpg   
 NETTLE  THISTLE  WANDERING JEW  MOSS  
 NEW TURF GUIDE WEED CAPEWEED.jpg NEW TURF GUIDE WEED CREEPING OXALIS.jpg   NEW TURF GUIDE WEED MOUSE EAR CHICKWEED.jpg NEW TURF GUIDE WEED COMMON CHICKWEED.jpg 
 CAPE WEED  CREEPING OXALIS  MOUSE EAR CHICKWEED  COMMON CHICKWEED
 NEW TURF GUIDE WEED FLICKWEED.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE WEED HORSEWEED.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE WEED PEARLWORT.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE WEED LIVERWORT.jpg
 FLICKWEED  HORSEWEED  PEARLWORT  LIVERWORT
       
       

 

 

 

         
         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NUTGRASS ERADICATION

 

 

                                                       ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

LAWN PEST IDENTIFICATION  click HERE for pest control and GARDEN PEST IDENTIFICATION.

 NEW TURF PEST LAWN GRUB.jpg  NEW TURF PEST LAWN BEETLE.jpg NEW TURF PEST ARMY WORM.jpg  NEW TURF PEST ARMY WORM MOTH 2.jpg   
AF BLACK BEETLE GRUB  AFRICAN BLACK BEETLE  ARMY WORM  ARMY WORM MOTH  
 NEW TURF PEST CUTWORM.jpg  NEW TURF PEST CUTWORM MOTH.jpg  NEW TURF PEST SODWORM.jpg  NEW TURF PEST SODWORM MOTH.jpg  
 CUTWORM  CUTWORM MOTH  SODWORM  SODWORM MOTH  
 NEW TURF PEST JAPANESE BEETLE GRUB.jpg  NEW TURF PEST JAPANESE BEETLE.jpg  NEW TURF PEST BILLBUG LARVAE.jpg  NEW TURF PEST BILLBUG.jpg  
 JAPANESE BEETLE GRUB  JAPANESE BEETLE  BILLBUG LARVAE  BILLBUG  
 NEW TURF PEST CHINCH BUGS.jpg  NEW TURF PEST SLATER-SOWBUG.jpg  NEW TURF PEST MOLE CRICKET.jpg  NEW TURF PEST K9.jpg  
 CHINCH  BUGS  SLATERS/SOW BUGS  MOLE CRICKET  K9  :)  
NEW TURF PEST MITES.jpg  NEW TURF PEST EARWIG.jpg NEW TURF CLICK BEETLE LARVAE.jpg   NEW TURF CLICK BEETLE.jpg  
  MITES  EARWIG  CLICK BEETLE LARVAE CLICK BEETLE  
 NEW TURF GUIDE PEST ARGENTINE SCARAB GRUB.jpg NEW TURF GUIDE PEST ARGENTINE SCARAB.jpg   NEW TURF GUIDE PEST ARGENTINE STEM WEEVIL GRUB.jpg NEW TURF GUIDE PEST ARGENTINE STEM WEEVIL.jpg 
 ARGENTINE SCARAB GRUB  ARGENTINE SCARAB BEETLE  ARGENTINE STEM WEEVIL GRUB  ARGENTINE STEM WEEVIL
 NEW TURF GUIDE PEST BLACKHEADED COCKCHAFER GRUB.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE PEST BLACKHEADED COCKCHAFER.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE PEST REDHEADED COCKCHAFER GRUB.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE PEST REDHEADED COCKCHAFER BEETLE.jpg
 BLACKHEAD COCKCHAFER GRUB  BLACKHEAD COCKCHAFER BEETLE  REDHEAD COCKCHAFER GRUB  REDHEAD COCKCHAFER BEETLE
 NEW TURF GUIDE PEST PRUINOSE SCARAB GRUB.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE PEST PRUINOSE SCARAB.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE PEST MEALY BUG.jpg  NEW TURF GUIDE PEST FUNNEL ANT.jpg
 PRUINOSE SCARAB GRUB  PRUINOSE SCARAB BEETLE  MEALY BUGS  FUNNEL ANTS
       
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF YOU NOTICE MOTHS FLYING AROUND YOUR LAWN AS YOU WALK OVER IT OR AN ABUNDANCE OF MOTHS/BEETLES

FLYING AROUND OUTSIDE LIGHTS THEN THIS IS A SURE SIGN THAT YOUR LAWN IS UNDER ATTACK, TRY TO

IDENTIFY THE PEST AND TREAT WITH A SUITABLE PESTICIDE.

 

 

 

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 LAWN PROBLEMS

 

NEW TURF PROB PALLET BURN.jpg

 PALLET BURN THIS IS CAUSED BY LEAVING THE SLABS ON THE PALLET TOO LONG,

RESULTING IN THE CENTRE OF THE PILE  HEATING UP. WHEN YOU LAY THE TURF

HALF MOONS APPEAR WHERE THE TURF HAS COOKED AND DIED.

HAS TO BE REPLACED AS WILL NOT GROW BACK.

 NEW TURF PROB BROWN PATCH.jpg

 BROWN PATCH A FUNGAL DISEASE FOUND IN WARM, WET CONDITIONS

PRODUCING PATCHES (USUALLY WITH A GREY SMOKY OUTER RING).

LEAVES HAVE THIN BROWN EDGES, YELLOW SPOTS & LESIONS.

CAUSED BY THE MYCELIUM FUNGUS, TREAT WITH MANCOZEB FUNGICIDE

AND AVOID EVENING WATERING.

 NEW TURF PROB ANTHRACNOSE.jpg

 ANTHRACNOSE A FUNGAL DISEASE FOUND DURING WARM, HUMID CONDITIONS.

INFECTED AREAS ARE REDDISH BROWN TURNING TO YELLOW/LIGHT BROWN.

TREAT WITH MANCOZEB FUNGICIDE.

 NEW TURF PROB DOLLAR SPOT.jpg

 DOLLAR SPOT A FUNGAL DISEASE FOUND DURING WARM, HIGH HUMIDITY

CONDITIONS. (MAINLY AFFECTING SOUTHERN PARTS OF AUSTRALIA).

SMALL DOLLAR SIZED SPOTS, STARTING DARK TURNING BROWN/ LIGHT BROWN

AND EVENTUALLY ALMOST WHITE. REMOVE THATCH LAYER & APPLY HIGH NITROGEN

FERTILISER, TREAT WITH MANCOZEB FUNGICIDE AND AVOID EVENING WATERING.

 NEW TURF PROB FUSARIUM.jpg

 FUSARIUM PATCH A FUNGAL DISEASE FOUND IN WARM, WET CONDITIONS.

YELLOW/BROWN PATCHES USUALLY WITH GREY/WHITE BORDERS.

REMOVE THATCH AND USE A BALANCED HIGH NITROGEN FERTILISER.

TREAT WITH MANCOZEB FUNGICIDE AND AVOID LATE ARVO/EVENING WATERING.

 NEW TURF PROB POWDERY MILDEW.jpg

 POWDERY MILDEW A FUNGAL DISEASE COVERING LEAVES IN A WHITE POWDER.

MORE COMMONLY FOUND IN VEGETABLE PATCHES BUT ALSO AFFECTS GRASSES.

TREAT AS YOU WOULD VEGETABLES WITH A FUNGICIDE. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 NEW TURF PROB PYTHIUM.jpg

PYTHIUM/DROP OFF  A FUNGAL DISEASE IN HOT, HUMID CONDITIONS WHERE

POOR DRAINAGE AND DEAD AIR IS A PROBLEM.

BROWN DEAD PATCHES AND GRASS ROT SPREADING RAPIDLY.

ONLY SOLUTION IS TO IMPROVE DRAINAGE, REMOVE TREES FOR AERATION AND

TREAT WITH FUNGICIDE.

 

 NEW TURF PROB LEAF SPOT.jpg

 LEAF SPOT  A FUNGAL DISEASE FOUND IN WARM CONDITIONS.

PURPLE/RED TO PURPLE/BROWN SPOTS ON LEAVES.

TREAT WITH MANCOZEB FUNGICIDE AND BETTER MANAGEMENT OF WATERING HELPS.

 

 NEW TURF PROB LEAF SPOT.jpg

 MELTING OUT VERY SIMILAR TO LEAF SPOT BUT MORE NASTY.

STARTS AS SPOTS BUT MOVES DOWN TO THE ROOTS AND KILLS THE PLANT.

TREAT AS PER LEAF SPOT.

 NEW TURF PROB FAIRY RING.jpg

 FAIRY RING COMES IN 3 TYPES OF FUNGAL DISEASE, THESE CAN SEVERLY DAMAGE

OR KILL YOUR LAWN. DEAD/WILTED GRASS IN CIRCULAR OR ARCING PATTERNS

USUALLY CONTAINING MUSHROOMS AND PUFF BALLS.

MYCELIUM FUNGUS LIKES TO COHABIT THIS (SEE BROWN PATCH).  OCCURS THRU

LAWNS LOW IN BOTH NUTRIENTS AND MOISTURE.

NO EFFECTIVE FUNGICIDE BUT KEEPING LAWN HEALTHY WILL HELP PREVENT THIS.

(NOTE) FAIRY RING WILL EVENTUALLY GO AWAY, REMOVAL OF AFFECTED SOIL CAN HELP.

 NEW TURF PROB RED THREAD.jpg

 RED THREAD A FUNGAL DISEASE FOUND IN WARM/HOT HUMID CONDITIONS.

STARTS AS SMALL BUT GROWS TO LARGER PATCHES.

YELLOW/BROWN PATCHES WITH SMALL RED THREADS AND PINK MYCELIUM FLUFF.

COMMON IN LOW NITROGEN LAWNS.

USE A NITROGEN BASED FUNGICIDE SPECIFICALLY SUITED FOR RED THREAD, AND

DOSE WITH NITROGEN BASED FERTILISER.

 NEW TURF PROB SPRING DEAD SPOT.jpg

 SPRING DEAD SPOT  AFFECTS COUCH GRASS ONLY BUT IS DEADLY ON MATURE LAWNS.

APPEARS FROM AUTUMN TO SUMMER WITH COOL/WET CONDITIONS.

LAWNS WITH THICK THATCH, POOR DRAINAGE, LOW IN POTASSIUM ARE VULNERABLE.

THIS FUNGUS ROTS THE ROOTS & STOLONS CAUSING DEAD CIRCULAR PATCHES.

HAS A HABIT OF REAPPEARING IN THE SAME SPOTS EVERY YEAR.

REMOVE THATCH AND IMPROVE DRAINAGE/AERATION + USE A HIGH POTASSIUM FERTILISER.

 OTHER CULPRITS...

 

 

 

 

 

 NEW TURF PROB URINE BURN.jpg

DOG URINE BURN WHILE TURF REQUIRES NITROGEN, THE CONCENTRATIONS

IN DOGS URINE IS TOO MUCH CAUSING THE GRASS TO "BURN" .

WHILE WE ARE NOT GETTING IN TO DEEP WITH REMEDIES FOR YOUR DOG

THE MAIN CORRECTION IS TO REDUCE NITROGEN OUTPUT.

PROVIDE PLENTY OF WATER, ADD A HEALTHY MIXED DIET, AND EXERCISING

YOUR DOG TO BURN PROTEIN, THUS REDUCING NITROGEN CONVERSION.

NOTE: ALWAYS CONSULT A VET FOR MORE INDEPTH INFORMATION.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                  
 

                               

   
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DAMAGE FROM PESTS

NEW TURF PROB LAWN GRUBS.jpg  NEW TURF PROB ARMY WORM.jpg NEW TURF PROB MITE.jpg  NEW TURF PROB MOLE CRICKET.jpg   
 LAWN GRUB  ARMY WORM  MITES  MOLE CRICKET  

 

NEW TURF PROB CUTWORM.jpg        
             CUTWORM        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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